It is commonly known as the “White Bird of Paradise tree”, has grown in popularity for indoor use over the last 30 years. Strelitzia nicolai – Pronounced: streh-LIT-see-uh NICK-oh-lye. It is sufficiently hardy to withstand our climate during the summer months, and grows even more freely than most of the Musas when planted in a richly manured soil and in warm sheltered positions. The spathe provides a sturdy perch for the sunbirds. But, always examine the plants and wipe the leaves clean. The “White Bird” has been grown for many years but it took a little Madison Ave. to bring it to center stage. After September, cut back to monthly fertilizing so that the plant can rest during the winter. A bird of paradise that is 3 to 4 feet tall grows well in a 10-inch pot. Giant Bird of Paradise plant flowers can be seen at the point where the leaf fan protrudes from the stem. Its large banana plant like leaves grown from its clumping stalks are loved and used by many in various landscape designs, especially when a tropical landscape look is wanted. Overall, planted in the ground or used in containers the giant bird of paradise palm is a wonderful landscape addition. I am native to South Africa but I was grown in Florida and am so happy to be going to my new home. Most White Birds tends to grow in clusters with multiple stems growing out of a single base. The flowers grow on stems. Keep the soil moist in spring and summer, during the growing season, but allow the soil to dry between waterings in the dormant fall and winter months. Use all-purpose houseplant fertilizer diluted to half-strength. You can pollinate by hand if you wish but most of us propagate our plants through division. White Bird of Paradise is an elegant, graceful palm-like plant that gives vertical height and personality to any space, indoors or out. Question: I'm in Missouri. These flowers are significantly large with a light blue tongue and sits in a purplish bract. Bird of paradise plants have to be 4 to 5 years old before they will bloom. It is not necessary to divide your plant regularly, whether you are growing it indoors or outdoors. White bird of paradise (Strelitzia nicolai) is a lesser-known variety of the typical bird of paradise flower. Each evergreen leaf is sensitive to strong winds. These stems make the White Birds resemble the Palm tree except that it is thinner than most palms. The plants flower year-round, but produce the most flowers in winter and early spring. This plant is one of the most graceful members of the Musal alliance and deserves to become popular in our gardens and conservatories as a striking and elegant decorative foliage plant. If grown in full sun, the leaves and the flowers are smaller, but the plants will produce more flowers. Groom the plant by removing dead leaves. Using a sharp knife, cut the rhizome midway between the main plant and the shoot. The flower does, in fact, resemble a water bird. This plant produces multiple large, leathery leaves sometimes 3ft or more in length. It also likes a “salt-free” diet, so make sure you use good water and stay away from the lots of plant food fertilizers. Sizes normally found are 10″ pots 3′-4′ feet tall, and 14″ pots 5′-7′ feet in height. Plant specs. Cut off new growth at ground level if you are growing the white bird of paradise indoors or want to … The Bird of Paradise gets its common name from its stunning, brightly-colored flower, which resembles a bird in flight. You could also use organic, slow-release fertilizer for indoor plants to nourish your plant from spring through fall. The main plant may not bloom again for another 1 to 2 years. Birds of paradise are vigorous growers and need regular feeding during the growing season. The flowers appear after few years of growth. You won’t need much experience to grow bird of paradise. Growers usually use multiple plants to get a fuller plant. The seeds of the plant … The rest of us grow it as a houseplant. The white bird-of-paradise is an excellent plant for use in front entrances and creates quite a “splash” when used as a “pool plant” in pool landscaping plans. The glossy leaves of White Bird of Paradise are sometimes used as plates to serve food in some seafood or native restaurants. They need that time to grow into their pot. Plants do need some grooming and leaves need to be removed from time to time, as the large leaves can be ragged from winds. Do not expect flowers indoors. If you re-pot them, they will not bloom again for 1 to 2 years. In “The Garden” an illustrated weekly journal of horticulture had this to say about the “white bird” back on August 22, 1874. Most diseases and pest problems occur when the plants are young and being grown in the nursery. Here in the US, it is only hardy in zones 9 through 11. Add top soil or organic peat humus to the hole when you plant. Bird of paradise grows 4' to 6' tall and wide. In colder regions, many gardeners tuck it into a pot they can shift outdoors during the summer. The leaves, which look like banana leaves, emerge directly from the soil. The white bird or Paradise, with its large, upright, clumping stalks and banana-like leaves lend true tropical, exotic feel to any landscape. The leaves are arranged in a fan-like position on the upper erect portion of the plant’s trunks. Keep their soil damp during the growing season, and allow it to dry out somewhat between waterings in the winter months. It is used outdoors in both Florida and California as a landscape plant, where it can reach a height of 20′ feet tall. Work in 4 inches (10.2 cm) of rich compost or other organic material in order to enrich the soil and promote good drainage. The “White Bird” is native to South Africa. The plant is a cousin of the banana tree. Keep your plants well-watered for the first six months after planting. Change the water daily. The shoot was featured on the cover of the magazine and people have been asking for the “White Bird” ever since. This plant does fine in sun to partial shade. Bird of Paradise. White Bird of Paradise plants need plenty of light, particularly indoors. The “White Bird” they picked up at a nursery in Homestead, Florida. Here in the US, we do not grow the plants from seed because the birds that are necessary to pollinate our plants only live in South Africa, so our plants do not produce seeds. You can move your plant outdoors in the summer, but be sure to place it somewhere where it will be lightly shaded. The banana-like, evergreen leaves create a lush backdrop. Answer: Yes, bird of paradise can be grown from seed. Can I leave Bird of Paradise flowers outside in the ground during winter? You can grow this plant in a garden or near a poolside. She has been associated with Rutgers Gardens for over a decade. The Bird of Paradise plant, or strelitzia, is a large and gorgeous foliage plant that looks just as majestic indoors in a pot, as it does outside in the garden.This plant is famous for its round palm-like leaves and its brightly-coloured architectural flowers that bloom to look like tropical birds – earning the strelitzia the household name of ‘Bird of Paradise’ plant. Bird of paradise plants are tropical plants, only hardy in zones 9 - 11. It has a slender blue neck and head and a long, pointed blue beak. Stop fertilizing during the winter months. Properly cared for, it will reward you with year-round bloom. Gently dig up your plant if it is outdoors or remove it from its pot if it is a houseplant. Under optimum conditions, Strelitzia nicolai is useful in creating a lush, tropical effect because of its eye-catching evergreen look. With its enormous deep green leaves and lush, tropical vibes, the Bird of Paradise is a wonderful, easy-care houseplant that can instantly transform any space. Sunbirds, primarily the Cape Weaver, are the birds that pollinate the plants. Once mature the unusual flowers of white accompanied with a dark blue tongue are welcome additions. 65⁰F to 75⁰F temperature range is ideal. Bird of paradise plants do not bloom until they are 4 or 5 years old. The most common species of Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia reginae) produces an orange and blue flower, while the less-common White Bird of Paradise (S. nicolai) has white flowers highlighted with dark blue. They needed very tropical looking plants to frame the apartment, featuring Central Park as its backdrop. Choose a shoot that has at least three leaves. Answer: Bird of Paradise can be grown outdoors year-round in growing zones 9 - 11. White bird of paradise is a moderate grower to about 25 feet. If you're planting bird of paradise in a pot, fill up a large clay pot (equipped with drainage holes) with rich, loamy potting soil. They are originally from South Africa, which is very dry, so they don’t like to be too wet. Cape Weaver, the most common sunbird that pollinates bird of paradise flowers. Here in the US, we do not have sunbirds to pollinate our plants outdoors nor would there be any birds indoors to pollinate the flowers to produce seeds. Repot it every spring into a somewhat larger pot. When lit with landscape lighting some very interesting looks appear at night. Plants that are 5 to 7 feet tall grow best in 14-inch pots. For a tidy plant, most growers periodically remove ragged leaves. When the birds land on it, the petals open and the birds’ feet are covered with pollen which fertilizes the next flower that the bird lands on. Continue to fertilize the bird of paradise seedlings once every two weeks from spring through autumn, but only once each month during winter. The chosen spot for your bird should provide adequate space along with having sufficient light. Following these flowers are triangular seed capsules. Wait until your plant has bloomed for 1 to 2 years before attempting to divide it. You guessed it! Although it is not as well known as the more popular orange bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae). Fertilize every other week beginning in March using a water soluble fertilizer that is formulated for flowering houseplants. Bird of paradise plants are pollinated by birds, not insects. Any time you divide your plant, you are setting back the bloom cycle 1 to 2 years. The plants grow in clumps which increase in size every year through the growth of underground rhizomes. The “White Bird” isn’t a small plant, but it is a very upright plant so it can fit into some tight spaces. The easiest way to grow it is from seeds. Check the age of your plant to know if it should be blooming. Plants do need some grooming and leaves need to be removed from time to time, as the large leaves can be ragged from winds. Thank you for stopping by. At the top of the stem is a spathe, which resembles a bird’s head. Make sure to place them at such a spot that will allow them to get plenty of light. It is easy to grow and apart from sunlight, it requires little work or attention from you. We'll respect your privacy and unsubscribe at any time. In the late ’70s the magazine “Architectural Digest” did a photo shoot of an apartment living room… the famous clothing designer (Haltson I think) in New York. The plants grow in clumps which increase in size every year through the growth of underground rhizomes. Scale can sometimes become and issue. Propagation by division is possible but often the plant takes time to “look good”. The Strelitzia flowering grows very well when planted in full sun in a well-drained soil that holds moisture. Caren White (author) on January 22, 2020: I'm glad that you enjoyed it. You can grow them as single specimen plants or in a grouping. Bird of paradise plants do not bloom until they are 4 or 5 years old. Regardless of the growing season, you’ll need a lot of sunlight to keep the White Bird of Paradise growing. Their large banana-shaped leaves add a rich tropical look to almost any interior and outside they create cool effects when lit. As for diseases, the White birds of paradise tree has no real problems. I don't know where in Missouri that you live, but the warmest part in the south is only zone 7, much too cold for these plants in the winter. Pests do not seem to bother Strelitzia Nicolai. The bird of paradise is a flowering plant, meaning you can get seeds from it and successfully germinate and grow the plant. The white bird-of-paradise is an excellent plant for use in front entrances and creates quite a “splash” when used as a “pool plant” in pool landscaping plans. These are large plants, so be sure to space them at least 6 feet apart. Bird of paradise plants do not shed their spent blossoms. It derives its name, bird of paradise, from its resemblance to the bird of paradise which is actually native to New Guinea. Backfill with soil and water in well. Our homes are too dry even for this drought loving plant. However, if you want to grow flowers on the plant then you need to plant it outdoors. It's hard to imagine a more exotic flower than the tall bird of paradise, sometimes called the crane plant. They lack stems. Fertilize a bird of paradise indoors with a half-strength water … Caren White is a Master Gardener and instructor at Home Gardeners School. A spot in part shade to full sun is ideal. A south-facing or west-facing window is best. If you live in tropical area, at least zone 9, you can grow bird of paradise plants outdoors. Tropical in nature, giant birds of paradise can grow outdoors in U.S. zones 9 and 10. If your plant isn’t blooming, first confirm its age before taking further steps. Costa Farms White Bird of Paradise in 9-1/4 In. Plant the division either directly in your garden or in its own 10 inch container. Indoors, it is best to give Nicolai as much bright light as possible. Once they are established in your yard, you can cut back to watering only when the top 1 inch of soil becomes dry. If bird of paradise is planted too deeply, this may delay flowering. Protect the leaves from high winds as the leaves can become torn and ripped. Growing the white bird of paradise of indoors Growing the white bird of paradise indoors can be really amazing. However, it has been admired as a graceful beauty all the way back to the late 1800s. Reaching a height of 20 to 30 feet at maturity, with a spread of 10 feet, their size can make them difficult to transplant once full grown. Bird of Paradise ‘Bird of Paradise‘ includes two different plant genera with similar names – Strelitzia genus, and Caesalpinia.Plants from the Strelitzia genus is mainly known as florist flower, native to humid and warm areas of South Africa; in zones 9-11, you can grow it as outdoor perennials and can be grown as a houseplant anywhere else.. Propagation from seed is slow but preferred. The flowers can reach a size of 10″-12″ inches, but plants need some maturity (few years old) before flowering. Although the plants with their fan-like leaves resembling the travelers palm are usually smaller in the landscape, when mature the can reach heights of 20-30 feet. They actually do best in light shade where the leaves and the flowers will be larger. The soil should be a good organic mix that holds water but has good drainage to allow excess water to drain. Spraying with mist is appreciated in the warm months. When most of us hear of the “Bird of Paradise” we think of the commonly grown orange cut flower Strelitzia reginae not the White Bird of Paradise plant. It is much more difficult to find than the standard version, but has been grown popularly as a house plant over the last 20 years. Birds of paradise do best with a regular watering schedule. In habit, the plant is more robust than any of its congeners, if we except S. augusta, which frequently attains a height of from 30 to 40 feet, treated as a warm conservatory plant. The 6 - 8' leaves are grey-green and arranged in fans atop the trunks. Related to the bird of paradise flower (Strelitzia regina ), this close cousin is a much larger plant forming huge clumps of stems to 30 feet in comparison to S. regina's 3 to 4 feet height. Nicolai can handle a wide variety of soils and can grow in a variety of conditions. Give the plant plenty of room to grow, mature and develop. Question: Can you grow Bird of Paradise from seeds? Oakland, CA is in growing zone 9b so you can grow yours outdoors year-round. One condition it cannot take is the roots in an extremely WET potting mix. A good rule of thumb is that plants that are 3 to 4 feet tall, grow best in 10-inch pots. Our illustration gives an excellent idea of the noble port assumed by well-grown specimens of Strelitzia Nicolai, which, although common as a half-hardy foliage plant in many Continental gardens, is very rarely to be met with in this country. Bird of Paradise Flowers. Plant care. During the spring and summer growing season, water your indoor bird of paradise plant enough to keep the soil consistently moist. Learn the ins and outs for how to care for this easygoing plant, including light and water requirements, common problems, and more. What you need to know about bird of paradise Name: bird of paradise, strelitzia , crane flower, bird’s tongue flower (Strelitzia reginae) Plant type: evergreen, forms a trunkless clump Height: to around 1.2m tall by 2–3m wide with age Foliage: similar to a small banana leaf but on a stem, very rigid, green to grey-blue. Fertilize every 3 months during the growing season with a 12-4-8 fertilizer. This plant can grow in full sun, partial sun or partial shade. Both the last-named plants are chiefly remarkable for their fine foliage, but some of the smaller-growing kinds, as S. ovate and the even more beautiful S. regina, are well-known flowering plants, generally grown in a warm conservatory or in a humid plant stove. The flowers grow out of the spathe. During the spring and summer fertilize once a month with an all-purpose liquid feed. As mentioned above Strelitzia Nicolai may have become more popular since the 1980s. If the plant is younger than this, then carry on with your normal care schedule to keep the plant healthy. The care factors for growing the white bird of paradise plant whether indoors or outdoors are similar. The uniquely shaped flowers are said to look like a bird in flight, and make long-lasting cut flowers. Feed once a month to help your plant grow well and flower. Your Bird of Paradise is a hungry plant because of how quickly it grows! A 5- to 6-foot plant usually thrives in a 14-inch pot. Once your plant starts blooming, be sure to remove all the dead flowers and leaves to keep the plants looking tidy. Bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae) is a striking tropical plant known for its eye-catching orange and blue flowers. But because of these leaves, the White Bird Strelitiza has been loved by many as it provides a lush tropical effect on various landscapes, pool sides, patios, and even on containers. At the same time, it can tolerate some shade. Answer: No, the winters are too cold in Missouri. They grow in full sun or light shade. Mist your plant every day. You can create a basin like a saucer around the plant, so … Soak the seeds in water that is room temperature for three days to aid in germination. Over time the old leaves fall off exposing the trunk. 5-6 hours of light is great. How to Grow Bird Of Paradise. Place the plant in the hole, and make sure the top of the root ball is even with the surface of the soil. These tropical plants do best in Zone 10, though in Zone 9B you can grow them in a large containers that can be moved indoors during cold weather. Atop the "head" is a brilliant orange fanned crest -- the petioles of the flower. The plants are evergreen and large, growing 5 to 6 feet tall. Bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae) craves heat, growing best in temperatures over 50 F. Winter hardy in Zones 10 to 12, bird of paradise adapts readily to containers. Here’s you will do that in easy steps. Place it near your sunniest window. The bird of paradise plant looks exotic, but it is one of the most popular houseplants. It can only be grown outdoors in those areas. I have a large flat deep green oval leaves similar to banana trees. Question: Can Bird of Paradise be grown in Oakland? Bird of Paradise Growing Conditions Bird of paradise growing conditions are similar for both the white bird of paradise and the orange bird of paradise. Bird of paradise is a rapidly-growing plant that needs to reach a certain size before it will bloom. It is best to keep Giant White Bird on the dry side. This is a sun-loving plant. During the fall and winter, you can allow the top 1 inch of soil to dry out between waterings. Be careful of drafts during the winter. We use natural Neem Oil insecticide as our preferred spray for pest control. My botanical name is Strelitzia nicolai but I am more commonly known as White Bird of Paradise. The plants flower year-round, but produce the most flowers in winter and early spring. After 4 or 5 years, an indoor Bird of Paradise (Strelitzia Reginae) may, on rare occasions, produce an exotic orange/red flower that resembles the head of a crane. Water well for 6 months while it is settling into its new home. It is imperative that bird of paradise seeds are dry and fresh for best results. Note how the leaves resemble banana leaves and emerge directly from the from the ground. Bird of paradise plants grow and bloom best when they are either pot-bound (overcrowded) or growing in a thick clump outdoors. Keep the soil evenly moist during the spring and summer. The flowers themselves consist of three purple-blue petals which contain the reproductive parts of the flower and three orange sepals which protect the petals. There are also giant white birds of paradise that are planted outdoors in warm climates. Bird of paradise grows and blooms best outdoors when grown in a large clump. By entering your email address you agree to receive a daily email newsletter from Plant Care Today. is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to, popular orange bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae), Pruning Desert Rose Plants: When | Why | How, Hoya Australis Care: Growing A Healthy Australis Hoya Plant, Tips On Getting Rid Of Aphids On Gardenia Plants, How To Grow And Care For Hoya Macrophylla Variegata. Because it does not require full sun, bird of paradise can be grown as a houseplant. The large, lush green leaves have a very large spread and could serve as a focal point in an atrium or living room. The bird of paradise is native to South Africa where it is known as Crane Flowers. They also need to be pot-bound or they will not bloom. The giant or white bird of paradise (Strelitzia nicolai) is a member of the family Strelitziaceae. Plant seeds as soon after harvest as possible. These species will, however, both grow and flower well in warm sheltered positions out-of-doors, and form striking objects massed along with Musas, Palms, and the larger Arads. Enjoy! Divisions will bloom in 3 to 5 years. I can grow 7-8 feet tall and will add beautiful full, green look to your home. The flowers grow on stems. No fertilizer is necessary during the winter when plant growth naturally slows. Birds of paradise only start blooming after they’re about 3-4 years old. This gives you certain freedom to choose the best spot in your garden or home.

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